Major Trade Bridge between Dandong, China and Sinuiju, DPRK
What lies across the border?
Looking into the DRPK from across the Yalu River (鸭绿江), I was met with a beautiful sight of a bridge from a thriving Chinese society venturing ahead into a shrouded mist of mystery, taking the question of “what lies beyond the DPRK border?” and putting it into physical form.
A perfect scene to contemplate the question: “Why is this enigmatic land hidden from the modern world in blankets of fog and misunderstandings?”
Granted, it was a little after 5:00am in the morning, so if it wasn’t for this photo I would have shrugged off this vision and marked it up as another strange dream, fuel by a little Chinese vodka (白酒) the night before. However, the morning chill and the coffee in my hand were awakening my curiosity as I peered at this scene. It felt as though I was entering a fantasy.
Awake and heading into a new ‘Heart of Darkness‘ as Joseph Conrad once coined. With a few biased expectations in my pocket and a building excitement that either the beliefs I currently held of the DPRK were true, or perhaps there was more to the story that was not visible through the fog.
Speaking of fantasy, little did I know that in my first full day in the DPRK, one of my oldest fantasies would come true: acting. One thing I should state very clearly, if you detest acting, then it is perhaps wise you do not travel to the DPRK.
My reason for stating this is that the DPRK custom is for all foreign guests to show respect for their ‘Dear Leaders’ often in the form of bowing before statues of their likeness. It is my assumption that you may have a different impression of the ‘Dear Leaders’ than your hosts, as I did, and thus the need for acting.
The best example of this is at the Mansudae Grand Monument, a place every foreign visitor must visit and pay respects to Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il. It was moments like these that I would guess that even Richard Burton would be jealous of my performance. Choose whichever Richard Burton fits your picture…the American actor or the British adventurer, Richard Francis Burton. I’d go with the adventurer.
This moment was not an unexpected one, as paying your “respect” to the great leaders is made clear before you get on the plane. There is no getting around this formality. It is more accurate to believe that you are paying your respects to the Korean people and their philosophy, as Juche and Communism in theory are actually pretty powerful. They just suck in practice.
The process of paying ‘respect’ included bowing and laying flowers at the front of the statue. The bowing I had rationalized and thought no problem, the issue however was that I had thought the laying of the flowers part would be done by a representative, saving us from the charade, but no it was the Full Monty.
I will admit very freely that I did not feel comfortable laying down the flowers, and if it wouldn’t have gotten me in trouble, I would have given those flowers to the first pretty woman I saw (which were many…but I will leave that for another post).
As I mentioned, for the paying of “respect,” the laying down of flowers was the most uncomfortable. Yet, however uncomfortable this moment was, it was matched by the surreal aspect of what is at the heart of DPRK politics.
There is something I do need to mention, because it freaked me out. When I approached these huge statues, I was hit by a feeling of awe. Considering the circumstances, it was a creepy feeling. I was not alone, as I talked with other Westerners about this, and they too had similar emotions. These statues are huge, very well done and with the reverence of the place and people and the lighting, it is impossible not to feel any emotions.
Fortunately, I read a post by author Alec Nevala-Lee quoting Peter Sellars on the affect that the act of “looking up” has on people (http://nevalalee.wordpress.com/2013/06/23/look-up/). I now understood that tilting the head back and up is an act that the body is not accustom to, so there can be a strange sensation. Although in Sellar’s example, he used Michelangelo’s incredible Sistine Chapel…not quite in the same league as the Kim statues.
Still, it was an eerie feeling to have, and I also put this down to the fact that I was in the DPRK. Viewing the statues was the hammer driving the nail home: staring upwards at these behemoth statues within the cultist ambiance of the day. Quite out of the norm for me.
The ceremony at Mansudae Grand Monument did not bother me much and it brought forth a series of introspective thoughts about people and their rulers. There is something to the saying “when in Rome, do as a Roman…” and going through this ceremony of respect in the DPRK (or in any other country) is a necessary step and perhaps the only way to begin to understand the culture.
In the case of the DPRK, ‘being a Roman’ is the only chance to even begin to fathom what goes on in everyday life in this country.
Sure, these required “shows of respect” are a little bit ridiculous for most Western foreigners to stomach, perhaps even becoming more of a joke toward the leaders than respectful, but then again this ridiculousness is a perfect initiation and introduction into this country.
It also gets the wheels moving, wondering just what makes this place click? Coming from my past knowledge of the DPRK (mainstream western media), it seems that the deification of the Kims’ follows a common path of past Communist societies, deepening misperceptions of the government.
Have you ever been caught up in a lie? It started off very small, almost inconsequential, but over time it developed a life of its own.
This is my take on what has happened here in the DPRK: a feeling that this whole place is beginning to catch wind of the secrecy and ‘misperceptions’ of the world beyond the DPRK borders, and it is creating fear within the government. What was once a small innocuous lie has grown too big to manage effectively, and at some point (as with all prevarications) the truth will eventually leak out.
Do not read too much into my next statement, but I believe the initial strength of the North Koreans is quite honorable. The DPRK is built on self-belief, self-reliance and a strong country that did not want to rely on foreign powers. Sound familiar anyone? It is similar to what a group of Americans in 1776 believed in and did something about.
Whether it was under the guise of ‘democracy’ or ‘self-reliance’ is irrelevant, it was a choice of a population. A belief they were willing to fight and die for, as North Koreans wanted something similar to what our revolutionary forefathers sought: a better life. I respect anyone who fights for their freedom to do as they choose.
The problem for me, of course, is that I am not too sure the decision after the war of increased isolation and a government that hides them from the rest of the world is what they bargained for. However, hindsight is always 20/20.
Also, remember at the time, the DPRK had a whole group of countries which to rally with, a standoff between the Communist bloc and the rest of the world, both sides each believing in their hearts that they were correct. Of course, it sucks to be on the losing end and I think that is the reality that the DPRK is having a tough time reconciling. The list is long, and for the most part pretty clear-cut on how this whole thing will end:
Every one of these countries have gone through reform (or are in the process) so it is inevitable, isn’t it? As George McFly would say: “you are my density”, and it appears that reform is the destiny for the DPRK. Question is, when?
As mentioned, history shows a pretty good track record for societies seeking the truth, and if the façade is a false one, the ruling party will crumble…and I imagine that Kim Jong Un is fully aware of the history. Considering Kim Jong Un is young and from reports, intelligent and well versed in the international infrastructure, I think he is the ‘perfect recipe’ to become the idealist leader, who understands it is time to open the DPRK to the international community. I know, it makes me sound crazy, but it is my optimism doing the talking.
From talking with Koreans around the world, the strength of Korean culture is the backbone of the DPRK society, and this is very much respected by the population in the South (politics aside). This is an aspect of culture that is, perhaps at its best, underestimated and misunderstood in the West and as foreigners, we just cannot discard this logic just because we are culturally immune to its effects.
The key in the “coming out” of the DPRK is China. China has the perfect blueprint for transitioning a cultish socity into one ready to contribute to the international community.
Not to get off point too far, but part of the spirit of the DPRK can be seen in the Mass Games celebrations every year. I have watched many of these from afar via video, and they are powerful. Part of me is very aroused by this spectacle, yet I also see productivity of the people being channeled into entertainment and propaganda, when it could be used elsewhere (like production). Then logic steps in and realizes that without any international support, there is little production, no great release for creativity and evolution of a society. It is difficult to have one (high productivity) without the other (free trade and a relatively open society).
By shielding the mass of population of how the world has evolved, the government has kept news regarding the stagnating standard of living away from its population. However, such news is becoming more difficult to control, and while many intellectuals are fully aware of the poor state of the DPRK economy, it gets attributed to UN sanctions and “the imperialistic dogs of the USA.”
To sit and listen to a lot of anti-US propaganda, it is important to realize that it is possible that the local people may hear things that may not be fully accurate (cough, cough). Yet, do not be naive to think it doesn’t go both ways. People on both sides understand that engaging a nation and its people is a heck of a lot better than threats and sanctions…yet here we are.
People are the same everywhere. After a good, hard day’s work, we walk home and live the best life that we can create. Within a normal day of existence, we also end up having to trust those in power to do what is best for our country and us. At times this may be contradictory.
Can a government be somewhat admired for clinging onto values that it once held at the beginning of its existence? Self-reliance and establishing a strong unity within the population is honorable. Perhaps for the first decade(s), there was some respect for the strength of such people, but things have gone pretty askew right now, I guess is a mild way of saying it.
There is a definite fog surrounding the DPRK, and cutting through it will be impossible without the leaders of the country taking their international responsibilities seriously. The actions of the DPRK government seem counterintuitive, as if they are uncertain how to get out from underneath all the deceptions created. Perhaps that is the biggest stumbling block in front of them now. Will they ever be able to legitimize themselves?
Unlike the photo that opened this post (showing the bridge from Dandong China that is the lifeline of trade for the DPRK), the bridge in the above photo is called the “Broken Bridge” brought to you by Gen. MacArthur and his squadron of B-17s and B-29s during the Korean War [edit: John E., has corrected & confirmed that only the B-29 Superfortresses were used]. It has been left as a reminder of US aggression. It serves as a good metaphor for the DPRK government as a whole, clinging onto the past at the expense of its future: a broken bridge is just that, it has very little practical purpose.
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Here I am just now getting to comment on this amazing post, and you’ve already posted another one! I am truly impressed by your photography, and what an amazing place to record in images.
I suppose I shouldn’t be, but I was quite surprised to learn that you *had* to visit certain monuments and bow and present flowers. I’ve never been anywhere where that was *required.* Then again, I’ve never been to North Korea, lol. I also really enjoyed the possible parallels you painted between the U.S. and the DPRK. Interesting how ideals can lead to the formation of beliefs, which, uncompromising, may or may not be a good thing. I also loved your line about people being the same everywhere. I couldn’t agree more. (In fact, I wrote a post called “people are people” a while back—about my experiement in Taiwan and Hong Kong. Haha. You might like it.) Anyway, I agree that, at our core, we *are* all more similar than we are different, and we *do* rely on our country’s “leaders” to look out for our best interest—what other choice do we have?… It’s almost scary, in a way.
Thanks for working your way through this post…I tend to write, write and write, and forget to edit and shorten my work. It use to drive people I work with crazy…so there was a “one sentence please” rule with my replies, and of course, I then just pulled a Hemingway and wrote these incredibly long run-on sentences. With the DPRK, I suppose there seems to be more to say than show with photos.
It is strange to see such parallels with people from the DPRK and the States, such different cultures, but as you say – at our core, we are similar. I will have to check out your ‘people are people’ post…maybe in the future you’ll write a North-South Korean post 🙂 Hoping to put together a trip for photographers to go back to the DPRK next year, I am optimistic there will be more changes (and I would like to see some of the natural wilderness they have). Always dreaming…
the bridge pictures looks so cool 🙂
When I crawled out of bed, I had every intention of crawling right back in until I saw the fog…cool shots come more easily when the fog rolls in 🙂
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Great pictures and commentary….I love statues and monuments and photograph them often (who am I kidding…always…if there is a statue within sight I take a picture of it!) The bridge was incredible, cloaked in mystery! As a citizen of our great country, I would find it hard to bow down to the idols of others…willingly….but it seems that it wasn’t really a request so much as mandated! Look at it as bowing to the phenomenal talents of the artists who created those statues/monuments.
Thank you, the bridge shot was one of my favorite moments…it seemed the perfect tribute to the ‘Hermit Kingdom’. If you love monuments, then the DPRK is certainly for you, there were plenty 🙂 You are so right about the bowing, it is something that a month prior to the trip I was thinking about and had the attitude that I simply was not going to do it, of course by the time I had arrived I had rationalized the bow. Yes, the talent of the artists would be reason enough…it is a pretty impressive monument. Cheers!
Your posts are so RICH, Randall. A wonderful read, and truly I envy your adventures – as, I’m sure, I would your acting! How difficult it would be to bow to that. Sick. It’s just sick. Interesting what you said about the ‘looking up’, too.
Wonderful photos. Thank you so much, you share the world to me here in my little lounge room, Australia.
Isn’t it great to be able see and share the lives of others via our blogs 🙂 Thank you Noeleen.
The whole political situation around North Korea is so interesting. I love with way you are open to see things as they are, not just blindfolded or full of prejudice. As you say the actions of the DPRK government seem counter-intuitive. Where will the country in the future – and what is the future for its people? Thank you for another great post. And as always you images are simply fantastic.
Thanks Otto, the spirit of the people (and the philosophy they believe) is admirable, just hope the government allows greater freedoms (which does not seem too likely). Cheers.
The photographs of the Sino-Korean border are impressive and the use of the fog makes it even more so when one considers the nature of DPRK society. One correction however; the Broken Bridge shown at the end was bombed by B-29 Superfortresses during the Korean War but not by B-17 Flying Fortresses as you claim. The B-17 was used in Europe and the Pacific during WWII.
Hello John, this is great information and thank you very much ~ just checked out more of this history and the B-29 has a pretty fascinating history. Wish you a good day ~ Randall
From far away it is difficult to separate the people of a country from the country’s ideologies. “A broken bridge is just that, it has very little practical purpose.” What a great reminder about what happens when we cling onto our pasts! Thank you.
The past is wonderful, and made so by it being in our rearview-mirror. 🙂